If a person taking a birth control pill misses a period, they may wonder if they are pregnant. However, a range of other factors may be responsible.
Birth control pills are a popular and practical method of contraception. There are several types, and each contains different combinations of hormones that can affect the menstrual cycle.
The term for the absence of an expected period is amenorrhea. Experiencing this while taking a birth control pill is common.
Birth control pills contain different hormones that prevent pregnancy. The hormones can:
- prevent ovulation
- thin the uterine lining, preventing fertilized eggs from implanting
- cause the cervical mucus to thicken, preventing sperm from reaching the egg
More about the PILLS…
Birth control pills are usually organized by week, with the pills of the first three weeks containing hormones, and the pills of the final week containing no active medication. These placebos simply help a person to remember to take a pill each day. When taken correctly, birth control pills are collectively estimated to be effective in around 99 percent of cases.
What is I- PILL
If you happen to take an I-PILL, it is an emergency contraceptive pill which has to be consumed within 72 hours that is 4 days of having unprotected sex.
I-Pill is a hormonal contraceptive and has a lot of contraindications and thus should be consumed with caution:
- The active ingredient of this pill is Levonorgestrel which may cause allergies in women
- It may cause irregularities in the menstrual period
- It may cause irregular or unexpected vaginal bleeding or discharge
- It may cause physical discomforts such as exhaustion, dizziness, tenderness in breasts or nausea
- It may affect your libido negatively
- It may cause skin rashes
- It may also react badly with other medication
Long-term use of this tablet is definitely not allowed as it can cause ovarian damage.
Now, Let’s understand the Causes of the Missed Period!
Stress can affect the menstrual cycle, causing it to extend or shorten. In some cases, stress can cause periods to stop altogether.
Rapid weight loss
Losing weight quickly can strain the body. For example, if a person is on an extreme diet, a lack of calories can prevent the production of hormones required for ovulation.
Being overweight or obese
Overweight women can produce an unusually high amount of estrogen. This can cause periods to become irregular or stop.
Intense exercise can put excessive strain on the body and may lead to a hormonal imbalance. This can cause irregular periods.
Some illnesses can cause periods to stop. The most common is polycystic ovary syndrome.
If periods stop, and pregnancy is not the cause, a doctor may perform additional tests, to rule out certain medical conditions.
If you are excessively breastfeeding the baby and you have just given birth, the missed period may not be an indication of pregnancy rather it shows that your reproductive system is not ready to have a baby. It is best to do a UPT and consult your gynaecologist immediately.
While pills can be a very reliable method of contraception, they are not always effective. Though the chances are rare, a person can get pregnant while on a contraceptive pill.
Anyone who suspects that they are pregnant should take a Urine Pregnancy Test, to help eliminate the uncertainty.
So don’t stress and conduct a UPT at home before fretting and fuming and if that tests positive to consult your Gynac and still there are many non-invasive ways of tackling the pregnancy.
Worrying is not going to call your Aunt Flo running to your doorsteps.
So… take a CHILL PILL!