Bleeding During Pregnancy- What’s Normal, What’s Not
Bleeding anytime during the pregnancy is a definitely not a good sign and you should immediately contact your Obstetrician/Gynaecologist but it is not a very rare occurrence wherein 3/4th of the pregnant moms have had experienced some or the other type of bleeding related symptoms.
Now that I am expecting my second baby in May this year during the first trimester and approximately during the 8th week I had an occurrence of heavy bleeding. I had just gone out for a walk and when I came back I was bleeding profusely like on the 1st day of the period. I was definitely scared because it was a sign of miscarriage but an ultrasound proved me wrong and that is when I began researching about the possible causes of bleeding during pregnancy and found it to be a variety of reasons. The research showed that bleeding during pregnancy was not so uncommon as I thought it to be.
Dr Misbah Inamdar a Gynaecologist who consults us on all the medical matters states the various factors associated with bleeding during pregnancy as follows….
First 20 weeks…
- Implantation bleeding, which occurs about 4 weeks into your pregnancy as the fertilized egg attaches to your uterine wall.
- Hormonal changes
- Sexual intercourse
- Internal exam done by your obstetrician or Midwife
- Subchorionic haemorrhage, which is bleeding around the placenta
- Chemical Pregnancy which occurs when an egg is fertilized but never fully implants in the uterus
- Ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus
- Molar Pregnancy which is generally an abnormality in the fetus
Any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy can be a symptom of a larger problem, so it’s important that you call your doctor right away.
Last 20 Weeks
- Sexual intercourse
- Cervical checks, especially late in the third trimester when they become more frequent
- Placenta previa, which is when the placenta covers the cervix either partially or completely
- Placental abruption, in which the placenta tears away from the wall of the uterus, can cause severe vaginal bleeding and is life-threatening to both Mom and Baby.
- Preterm labor, in which vaginal bleeding is accompanied by cramping or contractions, diarrhoea, pelvic pressure, or back pain before 37 weeks, could have serious repercussions for the baby if not managed. After 37 weeks, these symptoms could be a normal start to labor.
What I learnt from the incident is to keep the direct phone number of your Gynaecologist ready and saved in your emergency contacts any and every time during your pregnancy and also take photos of the bleeding that occurs along with details like colour, smell etc…This would help your medical practitioner to determine the possible cause and suggest a possible and appropriate solution.
Take care and keep on rocking mommies.